I am a philosopher working mainly in epistemology and the philosophy of language.

Most recently, I was a Vice-Chancellor’s Fellow at the University of Bristol, where I worked on a project on social epistemology. This project centres around the questions of what group inquiry is, and what kind of knowledge it produces. I’ve also been thinking about collective inquiry in science, and the ways that social media platforms might be designed to support productive collective inquiry.

As part of this project, I have written about why we ought to stop talking about fake news, and about how to establish fairer and more transparent authorship practices for collaborative research.

My PhD was on knowledge-how, and focused on the relation between knowledge-how, knowledge-that, and abilities, what linguistic evidence can tell us about knowledge-how, and the normative roles of knowledge-how in planning and teaching.

I’m currently thinking about collective knowledge-how, epistemic design principles for social media platforms, the social epistemology of algorithmic systems, the ethics and epistemology of human computation, how bad questions can impede inquiry, and what the norms of scientific assertion might be.